EfficientASR: Speech Recognition Network Compression via Attention Redundancy and Chunk-Level FFN Optimization

Architecture of EfficientASR


In recent years, Transformer networks have shown remarkable performance in speech recognition tasks. However, their deployment poses challenges due to high computational and storage resource requirements. To address this issue, a lightweight model called EfficientASR is proposed in this paper, aiming to enhance the versatility of Transformer models. EfficientASR employs two primary modules{:} Shared Residual Multi-Head Attention (SRMHA) and Chunk-Level Feedforward Networks (CFFN). The SRMHA module effectively reduces redundant computations in the network, while the CFFN module captures spatial knowledge and reduces the number of parameters. The effectiveness of the EfficientASR model is validated on two public datasets, namely Aishell-1 and HKUST. Experimental results demonstrate a 36% reduction in parameters compared to the baseline Transformer network, along with improvements of 0.3% and 0.2% in Character Error Rate (CER) on the Aishell-1 and HKUST datasets, respectively.

In 2024 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks
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Ziqi Liang
Ziqi Liang
University of Science and Technology of China
Ning Cheng
Ning Cheng